The Church of St Alban the Martyr
The first church of St Alban the Martyr was built in 1865 in Leopold Street.
Harvest Festival 1867 in the first Mission Church
It was built to serve the local neighbourhood where there were no schools or churches, and little sanitation. Although the priest, Revd James Pollock, wanted a temporary building which could accommodate as many people as possible, a smaller brick building with space for 250 was put up which was fondly referred to as "the shed". It was extended at the west end in 1867 to increase its capacity, and served as a school during the week.
The population of Highgate continued to grow and in 1871 a second church was built alongside the first church on the corner of Dymoke Street and Leopold Street and the first church was partitioned to provide separate school rooms for boys and girls.
The Interior of the Second Church
The new church was designed by John Davis with space for 480, to specifications that meant it could be sold off as a warehouse should the Mission in Highgate fail!
The first (top left) and second (bottom right) mission church buildings (from a contemporary fund-raising leaflet)
The Exterior of the Second Church
(Image supplied by Balsall Heath Local History Society)
The congregation continued to grow and so an even larger church was needed. The decision to build the current church seems to have been made without the Revd James Pollock's consent. However, once the decision had been made, he sold property on the Isle of Man to help fund the building costs.
Originally, William Butterfield, the architect of Keble College Oxford, was approached to design the permanent church but his designs would have cost the church three times the budgeted amount for the project and he was not prepared to build the church in stages as funds were available.
The church was finally designed by the High Church architect John Loughborough Pearson (1817 — 1897). He had already designed St Peter's, Vauxhall and St Augustine's, Kilburn and had just completed his drawings for Truro Cathedral, and this probably explains why St Alban's has the feel of a small cathedral. The foundation of St Alban's was laid in 1880 and the church was opened on 3rd May 1881 but it was not consecrated until 4th December 1899.
Pearson's design included a lofty a tower for the southwest side of the church crowned with a spire, but only the bottom stage forming the south porch was completed for lack of funds.
Pearson's design with the proposed tower
Without the tower the church was built for £20,000, a small amount even in the 1800s, but the church was still saddled with a debt of £14,000 for almost ten years.
The Church as built, before iron railings and a memorial cross were added in 1898
In 1898 the temporary pallisade fence around the southwest cormer of the church site was replaced with a low wall topped by iron railings to the design of Frank Loughborough Pearson, son of John Loughborough Pearson and a 5.5 m blue granite celtic cross was set up as a memorial to James and Thomas Pollock the founders of the church.
The Church in the 1930s with the Pollock memorial cross and iron railings.
In 1938, a member of the congregation insisted on finishing the tower at his own expense and commissioned a new radically different saddle back design design from E. F. Reynolds, a local architect. Although completed in the original materials of red brick with Bath stone dressings opinions remain divided on how well the tower integrates with the rest of the building.
The Reynolds Tower looking west down Conybere Street